While conventional fibre reinforced polymer composites are widely used in automotive industry because of their light weight, high strength and stiffness, they lack the ability to absorb energy prior to failure. Hence, leading to catastrophic failure of structures without any prior warning. This prohibits the use of conventional CFRP composites in critical structural applications which may be subjected to earthquake, collision or blast. Hence, researchers are now working to improve the energy absorption ability of CFRP composites without compromising their strength and stiffness.
Hybrid fibre composites were developed by combining the low elongation and high elongation fibres in a polymer matrix. The research carried out on hybrid fibre composites showed that this combination enhances the structural performance as well as the energy absorption ability of fibre composites
The aim of my project is to integrate the hybrid composites in the industrialised composite automotive process chain. This aim will be achieved in three main steps. The first step will require to understand and predict the link between material, microstructure and mechanical properties of hybrid composites. In the second step a design process will be established to reduce cost and increase weight savings using hybrid composites. Finally, the last step will involve a demonstration that these hybrid composites can be used in the existing process chain (including paint shop).
PhD researcher at BMW Germany (2019 – Present)
MSc in Advanced Mechanical Engineering from Imperial College London (2017 – 2018)
Experimental testing of composites, numerical simulation of damage and failure in composites and recycling of composites.
Outside of work and studies I like exploring new places and meeting with people belonging to different cultures. Going on road trips with my friends and family help me to disconnect for sometime from work related stress and gives me an opportunity to relax my mind and body.
I feel strongly about the in-availability of good education to women in rural areas of under-developed countries. Hence, it is one of my future goals and dream to build an educational institute in the rural areas of Pakistan where women can get basic education and can become aware of their rights.
Latest publications by this author
Implementation and parametric study of J-integral data reduction methods for the translaminar toughness of hierarchical thin-ply composites [OPEN ACCESS]
Guillaume Broggi, Joël Cugnoni, Véronique Michaud
Three different J-integral formulations to derive the experimental translaminar toughness of composites from compact tension tests with a large-scale fracture process zone are implemented and discussed. They improve the existing approaches by taking advantage of stereo-digital image correlation to acquire full-field displacement fields. A field fitting procedure based on robust and efficient piecewise cubic smooth splines addresses noise-related issues reported in previous studies. Additionally, the paper proposes a novel crack tip extraction procedure to report the energy release rate as a function of the crack increment, even if knowledge of the crack tip is not required for the proposed J-integral method. The three methods are discussed in light of a parametric study conducted on synthetic and experimental data, including artificially noisy data. The study reveals that the proposed J-integral methods are suitable for translaminar toughness evaluation of a wide range of materials without the need for restrictive assumptions. However, variations in propagation values were observed when applied to experimental data. Finally, guidelines are drawn to chose the most suitable parameters for the algorithms that are proposed as a Python package.
Longitudinal debonding in unidirectional fibre-reinforced composites: Numerical analysis of the effect of interfacial properties
Sina AhmadvashAghbash, Christian Breite, Mahoor Mehdikhani, and Yentl Swolfs
Longitudinal fibre-matrix debonding is governed by interfacial strength, fracture toughness, thermal residual stresses, friction, and matrix plasticity. The proposed finite element model for fibre-matrix longitudinal debonding associated with fibre breakage accounts for these features, retrieving more realistic results for the stress redistribution around a fibre break. In contrast with the majority of the available finite element models, the current model does not impose the debond length and enables debond propagation based on the assigned interfacial properties. Several parametric studies have been performed to assess the effect of input parameters in two configurations: single- and multi-fibre packings. Higher values for interfacial friction coefficient, thermal residual stress and interfacial fracture toughness restrain the debond propagation and consequently accelerate the stress recovery. Conversely, including matrix plasticity facilitates the debond propagation. A prescribed matrix crack, concentric with the broken fibre and as large as thrice the fibre radius, has no significant effect on the extent of the debond but increases the stress concentration on the nearest intact fibres in the multi-fibre model. The results of the proposed finite element model match the reported laser Raman spectroscopy literature data. The current study improves the prediction capability of models for the longitudinal tensile failure of unidirectional composites.
Influence of Test Specimen Geometry on Probability of Failure of Composites Based on Weibull Weakest Link Theory
Rajnish Kumar, Bo Madsen, Hans Lilholt and Lars P Mikkelsen
This paper presents an analytical model that quantifies the stress ratio between two test specimens for the same probability of failure based on the Weibull weakest link theory. The model takes into account the test specimen geometry, i.e., its shape and volume, and the related non-constant stress state along the specimen. The proposed model is a valuable tool for quantifying the effect of a change of specimen geometry on the probability of failure. This is essential to distinguish size scaling from the actual improvement in measured strength when specimen geometry is optimized, aiming for failure in the gauge section. For unidirectional carbon fibre composites with Weibull modulus m in the range 10–40, it can be calculated by the model that strength measured with a straight-sided specimen will be 1–2% lower than the strength measured with a specific waisted butterfly-shaped specimen solely due to the difference in test specimen shape and volume.